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英美历史重要人物 historical figures (1)

英美历史重要人物,英文版

Key Points and Mojor Terms

The United States of America

1. Elizabeth I _____ British Queen who led England to peace and prosperity

after the chaos in her brother and sister’s reigns. Her name has become a synonym for the era which she dominated (1558-1603).

2. Mark Twain _______ American writer who is distinquished for his humour in

his writings. He produced a lot of great works including The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckberry Finn.

3. John Tyler _______ the tenth President of the United States (1841–1845) and

the first to succeed to the office following the death of a predecessor. The most famous and significant achievement of Tyler's administration was the annexation of the Republic of Texas in 1845.

4. Sam Houston _______ Commander of the army of the Texas Republic who

later became the President of the country before it was annexed by the US.

5. Thomas Edison _____ an American inventor, scientist and businessman who

developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb.

6. Edward III _______ British king who started The Hundred Years Was against

France.

7. Geoffrey Chaucer _____ Father of English poetry who is best remembered for

his Canterbury Tales.

8. William Shakespeare _______ British playwright in the Elizabeth Age who

wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets.

9. William H. Seward _______ American secretory of State who engineered the

purchase of Alaska from Russia

10. Samuel F. B. Morse _______ developed his telegraph system in the 1830s. The

telegraph and the Morse Code made possible the instantaneous transmission of information and the beginning the tele-communications industry.

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