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利益代表与社会整合——法团主义视角下 的武汉工会(1945

利益代表与社会整合——法团主义视角下

的武汉工会(1945—1949)

胡悦晗

摘 要:针对“多元主义”这一社团政治理论预设存在的盲区,本文以法团主义理论为视角,以战后武汉工会为研究对象,考察其是否具有利益代表职能及强组织凝聚力,并执行社会整合功能。从武汉工会组织层面的严格受控于政府、资金层面的上下依赖以及劳资交涉中的“协调者”与“福利者”角色定位可以看出,政府工会无法代表产职业工会的利益诉求,产职业工会无法代表工人群体的利益诉求。武汉工会不具备完备的利益代表职能,缺乏强组织凝聚力。“抗不入会”案表明,产职业工会因缺乏社会整合能力故企图借助政府权威达到强制入会的目的;“呈诉总工会组织松懈”案显示政府工会在面对下属各工会的一致抨击时,组织权威与社会整合功能的严重丧失。国民政府基于独裁本质对社会团体的严格控制是以丧失各团体的利益代表为代价,从而导致了武汉工会最终无法担负起社会整合的功能。

关键词:法团主义、工会、利益代表、凝聚力、社会整合

Represent the interests and social integration ——Under Corporatism group principle angle of view Wuhan labour union (1945--1949)

Abstract:The "pluralist" political theory of the Societies of the blind pre-existence, the paper to incorporate the perspective of theory to the post-war trade union for the study of Wuhan to study whether the benefits on behalf of its functions as well as strong organizational cohesion, and the implementation of social integration function. Level trade union organizations from Wuhan strictly controlled by the government, the upper and lower capital levels and labor negotiations rely on the "coordination" and "welfare" in the role of location, we could see that trade unions can not represent the interests of middle class aspirations of professional trade unions, professional production trade unions can not represent the interests of groups of workers demands. Wuhan does not have trade unions which represent the interests of complete functions, the lack of strong organizational cohesion. "Anti-non-membership" case shows that the middle class society because of the lack of professional trade unions ability to integrate it with the authority of the Government attempted to achieve their own purposes; "was lax v. Federation of Trade Unions Organize," the case of trade unions in the face of the Government's consistent criticism of the union, the Organization of the authority of and social integration of the serious loss of function. Based on the autocratic nature of the Nationalist government on the strict control of social groups based on the loss of the representatives of various groups in the cost of benefits, which eventually led to a trade

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