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溶洞型旅游地生命周期特点的初步研究

溶洞型旅游地生命周期特点的初步研究

李 睿 章珠娥

(浙江大学地球科学系,浙江杭州 310028)

摘 要:目的 研究溶洞型旅游地生命周期的特点,分析影响溶洞型旅游地生命周期的因素,并提出溶洞型旅游地

开发、经营的若干相关建议.方法 以瑶琳洞自1980年开放以来历年的游客量数据为基础,结合国内其它溶洞

的年游客量变化情况,归纳总结溶洞型旅游地生命周期的特点.结果 溶洞型旅游地生命周期一般表现出如下特

点:1)自开发后直接进入快速发展阶段,游客量往往在正式开放后第3~4年达到最大值;2)由发展阶段直接进入衰

落阶段,没有巩固与停滞阶段;3)经过一段时期的快速衰落后,年游客量将逐渐趋于稳定.结论 溶洞型旅游地的

生命周期表现出先快速增长、再快速回落,随后又趋于稳定的模式.

关键词:瑶琳洞;溶洞;旅游地;生命周期

中图分类号:F590.3;P931.5 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1001-7119 (2003)06-0497-05 The Preliminary Research on the Life Cycle of Karst-cave Tourist Areas

LIRui ZHANG Zhu-e

(Department of Earth Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028, China)

Abstract:Objective This paper aimed at exploring the characteristics of the life cycle of Karst-cave tourist areas, analyzing the

factors affecting the life cycle and giving some suggestions about the development and management of Karst-cave tourist areas.

Methods Based on the yearly number of tourists visiting Yaolin Cave since 1980,and combined with the data of other domestic

Karst-caves, the characteristics of the life cycle of Karst-cave tourist areas were summarized.Results It was found that the life

cycle ofKarst-cave tourist areas have the following characteristics: 1. After being developed, theywere goingto enterthe develop-

ment stage directly. The yearly number of tourists would reach the maximum after 3~4 years of opening. 2. From then on, they

directly entered the decline stage, without experiencing a growth stage and a stagnation stage. 3. After a period of quick decline,

the annual number of tourists tended to stabilize.Conclusions The life cycle of Karst-cave tourist areas showed a up-down-stable

mode.

Key words: Yaolin Cave; Karst-cave; tourist area; life cycle

0 引 言

旅游地生命周期理论是描述旅游地演进的重

要理论,一般认为该理论最早于1963年由W.Chri-

staller在研究欧洲旅游发展时提出,也有人认为它

的起源可上溯到1939年E.Gilbert的《英格兰岛屿

与海滨疗养胜地的成长》一文,1978年Stansfield在

对美国大西洋城的研究中也提出了类似的模式.但

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